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Van der Woude Syndrome (VWS) via the GRHL3 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
GRHL3 81479 81479,81479 $990
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
8159GRHL381479 81479,81479 $990 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing platform).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing platform).

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

3 weeks on average for standard orders or 2 weeks on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.


Genetic Counselors


  • Stela Berisha, PhD, FACMG

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is the most common form of syndromic cleft, that is characterized by low lip pits, cleft lip, and cleft palate. Some patients may also have missing teeth (van der Woude syndrome et al. 1954; Rizos and Spyropoulos 2004).


Pathogenic variants in the GRHL3 gene cause autosomal dominant VWS type 2. GRHL3-related VWS patients have more cleft palate than patients with IRF6-related VWS (Peyrard-Janvid et al. 2014). GRHL3 (Grainyhead like 3) protein is a member of the grainyhead family of transcription factors which stimulate migration of endothelial cells during proper development of the oral periderm. Less than 10 unique pathogenic variants have been reported. They are: missense (4), splicing (1), and small deletion and duplications (4). No large deletions and duplications have been reported (Peyrard-Janvid et al. 2014).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) accounts for ~2% of all cleft lip and palate cases, and approximately 61% of VWS are familial cases (Rizos et al. 2004). Pathogenic variants in the IRF6 and GRHL3 genes cause autosomal dominant VWS. IRF6 is the major causative gene for VWS.

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the GRHL3 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Candidates for this test are patients with symptoms consistent with VWS and the family members of patients who have known GRHL3 mutations.


Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
GRHL3 608317
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT


Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Van Der Woude Syndrome 2 AD 606713


  • Peyrard-Janvid M. et al. 2014. American Journal of Human Genetics. 94: 23-32. PubMed ID: 24360809
  • Rizos M., Spyropoulos M.N. 2004. European Journal of Orthodontics. 26: 17-24. PubMed ID: 14994878
  • Van der Would A. 1954. American Journal of Human Genetics. 6: 244-56. PubMed ID: 13158329


Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page

If ordering a Duo or Trio test, the proband and all comparator samples are required to initiate testing. If we do not receive all required samples for the test ordered within 21 days, we will convert the order to the most effective testing strategy with the samples available. Prior authorization and/or billing in place may be impacted by a change in test code.

Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Platform)

1) Select Test Type

2) Select Additional Test Options

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
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