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Usher Syndrome Type 1 and Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 12 (DFNB12) via the CDH23 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Sequencing and CNV Detection via NextGen Sequencing using PG-Select Capture Probes
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
CDH23 81408 81408,81479 $990
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
3177CDH2381408 81408,81479 $990 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Testing run on PG-select capture probes includes CNV analysis for the gene(s) on the panel but does not permit the optional add on of exome-wide CNV analysis. Any of the NGS platforms allow reflex to other clinically relevant genes, up to whole exome or whole genome sequencing depending upon the base platform selected for the initial test.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

This test is also offered via a custom panel (click here) on our exome or genome backbone which permits the optional add on of exome-wide CNV or genome-wide SV analysis.

Turnaround Time

3 weeks on average for standard orders or 2 weeks on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.


Genetic Counselors


  • Ben Dorshorst, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Usher syndrome is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and sensorineural hearing impairment, with or without vestibular abnormalities. Three types are recognized based on the age of onset, severity of symptoms, and the vestibular involvement. Usher syndrome type 1 is the most common type. It is distinguished by congenital onset of hearing loss, RP in the first decade of life, and abnormal vestibular function (Cohen et al. Int J Audiol 46:82-93, 2007). Features of RP include night blindness progressing to constriction of the peripheral visual field with eventually loss of central vision, abnormal fundus with bone-spicule deposits/attenuated retinal vessels, and abnormal electroretinographic (ERG) findings (Daiger et al. Arch Ophthalmol 125:151-158, 2007). The vestibular abnormality results in development delay in sitting and walking.


Usher Syndrome Type 1 (USH1) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive disease. Variants in MYO7A, CDH23, PCDH15, USH1G, and USH1C account for ~ 75% of cases with detectable variants (Weil et al. Nature 374:60-61, 1995; Bork et al. Am J Hum Genet 68:26-37, 2001; Ahmed et al. Am J Hum Genet 69:25-34, 2001; Bitner-Glindzicz et al. Nat Genet 26:56-60, 2000; Keats and Lentz, GeneReviews, 2010). Variants in the CDH23 gene account for up to 35% of the cases. About 100 CDH23 causative variants have been reported to date. The majority are missense, although nonsense, splicing, and small insertion or deletion variants have also been reported. In addition to USH1, about 30 missense CDH23 variants have been reported in patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (DFNB12) (Astuto et al. Am J Hum Genet 71:262-275, 2002; Shahin et al. Eur J Hum Genet 18:407-413, 2010). The CDH23 gene encodes cadherin, a cell adhesion protein.

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PG-Select

This test allows the detection of variants in up to 35% of patients with USH1 (Keats and Lentz, GeneReviews, 2010).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the CDH23 gene, plus ~10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing.

Indications for Test

All patients with symptoms suggestive of combined sensorineural hearing loss, RP, and vestibular areflexia, and no variants in MYO7A. The CDH23 gene is also a candidate for patients presenting with DFNB12. This test may also be considered for the reproductive partners of individuals who carry pathogenic variants in CDH23.


Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
CDH23 605516
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT


Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Usher Syndrome, Type 1D AR 601067


  • Ahmed, Z. M., et.al. (2001). "Mutations of the protocadherin gene PCDH15 cause Usher syndrome type 1F." Am J Hum Genet 69(1): 25-34. PubMed ID: 11398101
  • Astuto, L. M., et.al. (2002). "CDH23 mutation and phenotype heterogeneity: a profile of 107 diverse families with Usher syndrome and nonsyndromic deafness." Am J Hum Genet 71(2): 262-75. PubMed ID: 12075507
  • Bitner-Glindzicz, M., et.al. (2000). "A recessive contiguous gene deletion causing infantile hyperinsulinism, enteropathy and deafness identifies the Usher type 1C gene." Nat Genet 26(1): 56-60. PubMed ID: 10973248
  • Bork, J. M., et.al. (2001). "Usher syndrome 1D and nonsyndromic autosomal recessive deafness DFNB12 are caused by allelic mutations of the novel cadherin-like gene CDH23." Am J Hum Genet 68(1): 26-37. PubMed ID: 11090341
  • Cohen M. et al. 2007. International Journal of Audiology. 46: 82-93. PubMed ID: 17365059
  • Daiger et al. 2007. PubMed ID: 17296890
  • Keats BJ, Lentz J. 2010. Usher Syndrome Type I. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Wallace SE, Amemiya A, Bean LJ, Bird TD, Dolan CR, Fong C-T, Smith RJ, and Stephens K, editors. GeneReviews(), Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle. PubMed ID: 20301442
  • Shahin, H., et.al. (2010). "Five novel loci for inherited hearing loss mapped by SNP-based homozygosity profiles in Palestinian families." Eur J Hum Genet 18(4): 407-13. PubMed ID: 19888295
  • Weil, D., et.al. (1995). "Defective myosin VIIA gene responsible for Usher syndrome type 1B." Nature 374(6517): 60-1. PubMed ID: 7870171


Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page

If ordering a Duo or Trio test, the proband and all comparator samples are required to initiate testing. If we do not receive all required samples for the test ordered within 21 days, we will convert the order to the most effective testing strategy with the samples available. Prior authorization and/or billing in place may be impacted by a change in test code.

Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

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2) Select Additional Test Options

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Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
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