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Rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata Type 2 via the GNPAT Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Sequencing and CNV Detection via NextGen Sequencing using PG-Select Capture Probes
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
4593 GNPAT 81479 81479,81479 $640 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
4593GNPAT81479 81479,81479 $640 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

This test is also offered via our exome backbone with CNV detection (click here). The exome-based test may be higher priced, but permits reflex to the entire exome or to any other set of clinically relevant genes.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 13 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Greg Fischer, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata (RCDP) is neonatal onset and characterized by proximal shortening of the long bones (rhizomelia), multiple epiphyseal calcifications and joint contractures, cataracts, dysmorphic facies, and profound intellectual disability and growth deficiency. Most patients with RCDP die in the first or second year, and a few survive beyond the first decade of life (Braverman et al. 2012). RCDP has three subtypes which are indistinguishable solely based on clinical presentation. Type 1 accounts for ~ 90% of clinically diagnosed RCDP and is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder caused by PEX7 mutations. RCDP types 2 and 3 are due to defects in GNPAT and AGPS, respectively, which encode two peroxisomal single enzymes required for plasmalogen synthesis. To date, only about 20 patients received a diagnosis of RCDP type 2 by identifying GNPAT mutations in those individuals. Patients with RCDP type 2 have deficient plasmalogen synthesis, but normal levels of plasma phytanic acid and VLCFAs (C24:0 and C26:0) (Thai et al. 2001; Itzkovitz et al. 2011).

Genetics

RCDP type 2 is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by GNPAT defects. GNPAT encodes the enzyme dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase which mediates the first step of plasmalogen synthesis in the peroxisomes. The reported GNPAT mutations include missense, splicing site mutations, and small deletion/insertions (Thai et al. 2001; Itzkovitz et al. 2011).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PG-Select

PEX7 mutations account for over 90% of all individuals with RCDP. The remaining 10% are caused by defects in GNPAT and AGPS (Braverman et al. 2012). To date, only about 20 patients with RCDP type 2 and less than 10 patients with RCDP type 3 have been reported (Thai et al. 2001; Itzkovitz et al. 2011).

No gross deletions/duplications affecting GNPAT have been reported so far (Human Gene Mutation Database).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the GNPAT gene, plus ~10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing.

Indications for Test

Individuals with clinical symptoms and biochemical findings consistent with RCDP, but without PEX7 mutations. This test may also be considered for the reproductive partners of individuals who carry pathogenic variants in GNPAT.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
GNPAT 602744
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata Type 2 AR 222765

Citations

  • Braverman et al. 2012. PubMed ID: 20301447
  • Human Gene Mutation Database (Bio-base).
  • Itzkovitz et al. 2012. PubMed ID: 21990100
  • Thai et al. 2001. PubMed ID: 11152660

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
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