Osteopetrosis via the OSTM1 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
8791 OSTM1 81479 81479,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
8791OSTM181479 81479(x2) $890 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing backbone).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing backbone).

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 13 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Juan Dong, PhD, FACMG

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Osteopetrosis (also called Marble bone disease) is a disorder of increased bone density and bone mass caused by malfunction of bone resorption. Affected patients are at high risk of frequent bone fractures, delayed healing, hip osteoarthritis and osteomyelitis. Some patients may have vision loss, hearing loss, and paralysis of facial muscles and bone marrow abnormalities caused by abnormal dense bone structure. Other features include short stature, development delay, dental abnormalities, hepatosplenomegaly, intellectual disability, and epilepsy (Tolar et al. 2004; Del Fattore et al. 2008; Sobacchi et al. 2013). Osteopetrosis is currently known to be caused by mutations in the following genes: CLCN7, LRP5, TCIRG1, TNFSF11, CA2, OSTM1, PLEKHM1, SNX10 and TNFRSF11A.

Genetics

Mutations in OSTM1 can cause autosomal recessive osteopetrosis type 5, which is infantile osteopetrosis with severe central nervous system defects (Pangrazio et al. 2006; Maranda et al. 2008). The OSTM1 protein coded by the OSTM1 gene is a beta subunit of Chloride channel 7 alpha subunit (CLCN7) and may play a role in degradation of G proteins via the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome pathway. To date, less than 10 unique pathogenic variants have been reported. They are: 1 missense, 1 nonsense, 3 splicing, 1 small deletion and 2 gross deletion (Chalhoub et al. 2003; Ott et al. 2013; Human Gene Mutation Database).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Mutations in OSTM1 were found in 2 out of 160 unrelated, clinically diagnosed, severe osteopetrosis cases (Pangrazio et al. 2006). Two large deletions were found in OSTM1 (Ott et al. 2013).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the OSTM1 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Candidates for this test are patients with symptoms consistent with autosomal recessive osteopetrosis with central nervous system involvement and the family members of patients who have known OSTM1 mutations. This test may also be considered for the reproductive partners of individuals who carry pathogenic variants in OSTM1.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
OSTM1 607649
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Osteopetrosis Autosomal Recessive 5 AR 259720

Related Tests

Name
Juvenile Paget Disease via the TNFRSF11B Gene
Osteopetrosis via the CLCN7 Gene
Osteopetrosis via the SNX10 Gene
Osteopetrosis via the TNFSF11 Gene
Paget Disease of Bone (PDB) Panel
Paget Disease of Bone via the SQSTM1 Gene
Paget Disease of Bone, Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis, and Familial Expansile Osteolysis via the TNFRSF11A Gene

Citations

  • Chalhoub N, Benachenhou N, Rajapurohitam V, Pata M, Ferron M, Frattini A, Villa A, Vacher J. 2003. Grey-lethal mutation induces severe malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis in mouse and human. Nature Medicine 9: 399-406. PubMed ID: 12627228
  • Del Fattore A. et al. 2008. Bone. 42: 19-29. PubMed ID: 17936098
  • Human Gene Mutation Database (Bio-base).
  • Maranda B, Chabot G, Dècarie J-C, Pata M, Azeddine B, Moreau A, Vacher J. 2007. Clinical and Cellular Manifestations of OSTM1-Related Infantile Osteopetrosis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 23: 296-300. PubMed ID: 17922613
  • Ott C-E, Fischer B, Schröter P, Richter R, Gupta N, Verma N, Kabra M, Mundlos S, Rajab A, Neitzel H, Kornak U. 2013. Severe neuronopathic autosomal recessive osteopetrosis due to homozygous deletions affecting OSTM1. Bone 55: 292-297. PubMed ID: 23685543
  • Pangrazio A, Poliani PL, Megarbane A, Lefranc G, Lanino E, Rocco M Di, Rucci F, Lucchini F, Ravanini M, Facchetti F, Abinun M, Vezzoni P, et al. 2006. Mutations in OSTM1 (Grey Lethal) Define a Particularly Severe Form of Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis With Neural Involvement. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 21: 1098-1105. PubMed ID: 16813530
  • Sobacchi C, Schulz A, Coxon FP, Villa A, Helfrich MH. 2013. Osteopetrosis: genetics, treatment and new insights into osteoclast function. Nature Reviews Endocrinology 9: 522-536. PubMed ID: 23877423
  • Tolar J. et al. 2004. New England Journal of Medicine. 351: 2839-49. PubMed ID: 15625335

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
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