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Joubert Syndrome via the TMEM237 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
11043 TMEM237 81479 81479,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
11043TMEM23781479 81479(x2) $890 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information. If the Sanger option is selected, CNV detection may be ordered through Test #600.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing backbone).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing backbone).

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 13 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Fang Xu, PhD, FACMG

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Joubert Syndrome (JS) is marked by hypotonia, abnormal ocular movements, neonatal respiratory difficulties, mental retardation, hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, and malformation of the brainstem. The brain malformations lead to the "molar tooth sign" on cranial MRI, which is the hallmark clinical feature of JS. Other variable JS features include cystic kidneys, nephronophthisis, retinal dystrophy, ocular coloboma, occipital encephalocele, polydactyly, ataxia, and hepatic fibrosis. For more information, see Parisi and Glass (GeneReviews, 2013) and Parisi et al. (Eur J Hum Genet 15:511-521, 2007).

Genetics

JS is a heterogeneous genetic disorder caused by mutations in at least 20 genes (Parisi and Glass, 2013). JS is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Mutations in the TMEM237 gene cause JS (Huang et al. Am J Hum Genet 89(6):713-730, 2011; Alazami et al. Hum Mutat 33(10):1423-1428, 2012). TMEM237 encodes for a tetraspanin transmembrane protein that is expressed at the transition zone and regulates WNT signaling (Huang et al., 2011). All pathogenic variants reported to date are chain terminating mutations (nonsense, splicing and frameshift).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Pathogenic mutations in TMEM237 are found in ~1% of patients with Joubert syndrome (Huang et al. Am J Hum Genet 89(6):713-730, 2011).

Deletion or duplication mutations in the TMEM237 gene have not been reported (Human Gene Mutation Database).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the TMEM237 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Candidates for this test are patients with symptoms consistent with JS and family members of patients who have known mutations. Conclusive connections between clinical features and individual mutated genes have not yet been made. This test may also be considered for the reproductive partners of individuals who carry pathogenic variants in TMEM237.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
TMEM237 614423
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Joubert syndrome 14 AR 614424

Citations

  • Alazami et al. (2012). "Molecular characterization of Joubert syndrome in Saudi Arabia." Hum Mutat 33(10):1423-1428. PubMed ID: 22693042
  • Huang et al. (2011). "TMEM237 is mutated in individuals with a Joubert syndrome related disorder and expands the role of the TMEM family at the ciliary transition zone." Am J Hum Genet 89(6):713-730. PubMed ID: 22152675
  • Human Gene Mutation Database (Bio-base).
  • Parisi M, Glass I. 2013. Joubert Syndrome and Related Disorders. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Bird TD, Dolan CR, Fong C-T, Smith RJ, and Stephens K, editors. GeneReviews(®), Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle. PubMed ID: 20301500
  • Parisi MA, Doherty D, Chance PF, Glass IA. 2007. Joubert syndrome (and related disorders) (OMIM 213300). Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 15: 511–521. PubMed ID: 17377524

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
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