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Hypomagnesemia Panel

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy Genes Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes
BSND 81479,81479
CASR 81405,81479
CLDN16 81479,81479
CLDN19 81479,81479
CNNM2 81479,81479
EGF 81479,81479
EGFR 81479,81479
FAM111A 81479,81479
FXYD2 81479,81479
HNF1B 81405,81404
KCNA1 81479,81479
KCNJ10 81404,81479
PCBD1 81479,81479
SARS2 81479,81479
SLC12A3 81407,81479
TRPM6 81479,81479
Test Code Test Copy Genes Panel CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
3025Genes x (16)81479 81404(x2), 81405(x2), 81407(x1), 81479(x27) $990 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

We are happy to accommodate requests for testing single genes in this panel or a subset of these genes. The price will remain the list price. If desired, free reflex testing to remaining genes on panel is available. Alternatively, a single gene or subset of genes can also be ordered via our Custom Panel tool.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing platform).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing platform).

Turnaround Time

3 weeks on average for standard orders or 2 weeks on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.


Genetic Counselors


  • Angela Gruber, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Hereditary hypomagnesemia comprises a group of disorders with either primary or secondary renal magnesium ion wasting (Viering et al. 2016; Konrad et al. 2014). Symptoms as consequences of hypomagnesemia vary in severity ranging from leg cramps and tiredness, hypoparathyroidism, to seizures, cardiac arrhythmias, coma and even death. In terms of clinical manifestations, electrolyte abnormalities, localization and pathophysiological mechanism, genetic causes of hypomagnesemia are classified into four categories: hypercalciuric hypomagnesemias, Gitelman-like hypomagnesemias, mitochondrial hypomagnesemias and other hypomagnesemias.


Hereditary hypomagnesemia is a group of highly genetically heterogeneous diseases. To date, at least 16 genes have been linked to a monogenic form of hypomagnesemia in autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance as listed below (Viering et al. 2016; Konrad et al. 2014). The spectrum of pathogenic variant throughout these genes includes all types of changes.

Autosomal dominant: CASR, CNNM2, FAM111A, FXYD2, HNF1B, and KCNA1

Autosomal recessive: BSND, CLDN16, CLDN19, EGF, EGFR, KCNJ10, PCBD1, SARS2, SLC12A3, and TRPM6

As mentioned above, in terms of clinical manifestations, electrolyte abnormalities, localization and pathophysiological mechanism, genetic causes of hypomagnesemia are classified into four categories (Viering et al. 2016). All known genes encode proteins expressed in the thick ascending limb of Henle’s loop (TAL) and/or distal convoluted tubule (DCT).

Hypercalciuric hypomagnesemias: CLDN16, CLDN19, CASR

Gitelman-like hypomagnesemias: BSND, FXYD2, HNF1B, KCNJ10, PCBD1, SLC12A3

Mitochondrial hypomagnesemias: SARS2

Other hypomagnesemias: CNNM2, EGF, EGFR, FAM111A, KCNA1, TRPM6

Our current panel does not include the CLCNKB gene (Bartter syndrome, type 3) due to next generation sequencing technology’s limitations at dealing with pseudogenes.

See individual gene test descriptions for more information on molecular biology of gene products.

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Screenings for pathogenic variants in the associated genes in a large cohort of patients with hypomagnesemia have not been reported. To date, studies have focused on individual genes in a limited number of families per study. Therefore, the mutation detection rate of this panel is difficult to predict.

Large deletions and/or duplications appear to be relatively common in Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) in these genes: HNF1B, SLC12A3 and TRPM6.

Large deletions and/or duplications have been documented in HGMD in these genes but are relatively uncommon: BSND, CASR, CLDN16, CLDN19, and KCNA1.

No large deletions or duplications have been reported in the other 8 genes of the current panel.

Testing Strategy

This test is performed using Next-Gen sequencing with additional Sanger sequencing as necessary.

This panel provides 100% coverage of all coding exons of the genes plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Candidates for this test are patients with hypomagnesemia either primarily or secondarily. This test especially aids in a differential diagnosis of similar phenotypes by analyzing multiple genes simultaneously.


Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
BSND 606412
CASR 601199
CLDN16 603959
CLDN19 610036
CNNM2 607803
EGF 131530
EGFR 131550
FAM111A 615292
FXYD2 601814
HNF1B 189907
KCNA1 176260
KCNJ10 602208
PCBD1 126090
SARS2 612804
SLC12A3 600968
TRPM6 607009
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Related Test



  • Konrad M., Schlingmann K.P. 2014. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 29 Suppl 4: iv63-71. PubMed ID: 25165187
  • Viering D.H. et al. 2016. Pediatric Nephrology. 0: N/A. PubMed ID: 27234911


Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page

If ordering a Duo or Trio test, the proband and all comparator samples are required to initiate testing. If we do not receive all required samples for the test ordered within 21 days, we will convert the order to the most effective testing strategy with the samples available. Prior authorization and/or billing in place may be impacted by a change in test code.

Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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View Ordering Instructions

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2) Select Additional Test Options

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Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
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