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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Dilated Cardiomyopathy via the TPM1 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
8557 TPM1 81405 81405,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
8557TPM181405 81405(x1), 81479(x1) $890 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information. If the Sanger option is selected, CNV detection may be ordered through Test #600.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing backbone).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing backbone).

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 13 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Chun-An Chen, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary disease of the cardiac muscle characterized by idiopathic hypertrophy of the left ventricle, although hypertrophy of the right ventricle may occur occasionally (Fifer and Vlahakes Circulation 117:429-439, 2008). HCM is distinguished by extensive clinical variability between individuals with regards to the age of onset, pattern and extent of hypertrophy, and prognosis. Symptoms include dyspnea, exercise intolerance, chest pain, palpitations, arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, syncope, and sudden death (Maron et al. N Engl J Med 316:780-789, 1987). Additional features include left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, which is associated with increased risk for heart failure and cardiovascular death (Ommen et al. J Am Coll Cardiol 46:470-476, 2005). HCM affects 1/500 people worldwide (Maron et al. Circulation 92:785-789, 1995).

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heterogeneous disease of the cardiac muscle. It is characterized by dilatation of the left, right, or both ventricles, systolic dysfunction, and diminished myocardial contractility. Symptoms include arrhythmia, dyspnea, chest pain, palpitation, fainting, and congestive heart failure (Ikram et al. Br Heart J 57:521-527, 1987). Additional features may include woolly hair and myopathy (Moller et al. Eur J Hum Genet 17:1241-1249, 2009). Sudden death occurs in ~30% of patients with DCM (Tamburro and Wilber Am Heart J 124:1035-1045, 1992). Although symptoms of DCM usually begin in adulthood, an extensive clinical variability between individuals concerning the age of onset, penetrance, and extent of structural and functional abnormality has been documented. The prevalence of DCM has been estimated at ~1/2700 (Codd et al. Circulation 80:564-572, 1989).

Genetics

HCM is a heterogeneous genetic disease that is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. It is caused by variants in various genes, most of which encode sarcomeric proteins. Defects in twelve genes, including TPM1 (Thierfelder et al. Cell 77:701-712, 1994), account for approximately 60% of all HCM cases. Variants were identified in both familial and sporadic cases, with similar distribution. Variants identified in sporadic cases were either nonpenetrant or occurred de novo (Richard et al. Circulation 107:2227-2232, 2003). Over 30 different TPM1 causative variants have been reported in patients with HCM, DCM, left-ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy, or restrictive cardiomyopathy (Olson et al. J Mol Cell Cardiol 33:723-732, 2001; Hoedemaekers et al. Circ Cardiovasc Genet 3:232-239, 2010). Most TPM1 causative variants are missense variants. TPM1 variants accounted for over 6% of patients with the familial childhood form of HCM (Morita et al N Engl J Med 358:1899-1908, 2008).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

This test will detect variants in ~2% of patients with the adult form of HCM (Cirino and Ho, GeneReviews, 2009) and ~6% of patients with the familial childhood form (Morita N Engl J Med 358:1899-1908, 2008).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the TPM1 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Patients with symptoms suggestive of hypetrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy, or restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
TPM1 191010
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Related Tests

Name
Comprehensive Cardiology Panel
Dilated Cardiomyopathy via the LAMA4 Gene
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Panel

Citations

  • Cirino, A.L., Ho, C. (2009). "Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Overview." PubMed ID: 20301725
  • Codd MB. et al. 1989. Circulation. 80: 564-72. PubMed ID: 2766509
  • Fifer MA, Vlahakes GJ. 2008. Management of symptoms in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circulation 117: 429-439. PubMed ID: 18212300
  • Hoedemaekers et al. (2010) The importance of genetic counseling, DNA diagnostics, and cardiologic family screening in left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 3:232-239. PubMed ID: 20530761
  • Ikram H. et al. 1987. British heart journal. 57: 521-7. PubMed ID: 3620228
  • Møller DV. et al. 2009. European journal of human genetics : EJHG. 17: 1241-9. PubMed ID: 19293840
  • Maron BJ, Bonow RO, Cannon RO 3rd, Leon MB, Epstein SE. 1987. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Interrelations of clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, and therapy (1). N. Engl. J. Med. 316: 780-789. PubMed ID: 3547130
  • Maron, B. J., et.al. (1995). "Prevalence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a general population of young adults. Echocardiographic analysis of 4111 subjects in the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in (Young) Adults." Circulation 92(4): 785-9. PubMed ID: 7641357
  • Morita, H., et.al. (2008). "Shared genetic causes of cardiac hypertrophy in children and adults." N Engl J Med 358(18): 1899-908. PubMed ID: 18403758
  • Olson, T. M., et.al. (2001). "Mutations that alter the surface charge of alpha-tropomyosin are associated with dilated cardiomyopathy." J Mol Cell Cardiol 33(4): 723-32. PubMed ID: 11273725
  • Ommen SR, Maron BJ, Olivotto I, Maron MS, Cecchi F, Betocchi S, Gersh BJ, Ackerman MJ, McCully RB, Dearani JA, Schaff HV, Danielson GK, Tajik AJ, Nishimura RA. 2005. Long-term effects of surgical septal myectomy on survival in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 46: 470-476. PubMed ID: 16053960
  • Richard P, Charron P, Carrier L, Ledeuil C, Cheav T, Pichereau C, Benaiche A, Isnard R, Dubourg O, Burban M, Gueffet JP, Millaire A, Desnos M, Schwartz K, Hainque B, Komajda M; EUROGENE Heart Failure Project. 2003. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: distribution of disease genes, spectrum of mutations, and implications for a molecular diagnosis strategy. Circulation 107: 2227-2232. PubMed ID: 12707239
  • Tamburro P., Wilber D. 1992. American heart journal. 124: 1035-45. PubMed ID: 1529877
  • Thierfelder, L., et.al. (1994). "Alpha-tropomyosin and cardiac troponin T mutations cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a disease of the sarcomere." Cell 77(5): 701-12. PubMed ID: 8205619

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
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