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Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 1 (HPS1) via the HPS1 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Sequencing and CNV Detection via NextGen Sequencing using PG-Select Capture Probes
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
HPS1 81479 81479,81479 $990
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
7705HPS181479 81479,81479 $990 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Testing run on PG-select capture probes includes CNV analysis for the gene(s) on the panel but does not permit the optional add on of exome-wide CNV analysis. Any of the NGS platforms allow reflex to other clinically relevant genes, up to whole exome or whole genome sequencing depending upon the base platform selected for the initial test.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

This test is also offered via a custom panel (click here) on our exome or genome backbone which permits the optional add on of exome-wide CNV or genome-wide SV analysis.

Turnaround Time

3 weeks on average for standard orders or 2 weeks on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.


Genetic Counselors


  • Siwu Peng, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) (OMIM 203300) is characterized by tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism, significant reduction in visual acuity often complicated by nystagmus, and bleeding diathesis resulting in bruising and sporadic and prolonged bleeding (Hermansky and Pudlak. Blood 14:162-169, 1959). Hair color ranges from white to brown and, along with skin color, is typically a shade lighter than is seen in unaffected family members. HPS patients may develop granulomatous colitis, with onset usually in their teens, or pulmonary fibrosis, with onset typically in their thirties or forties (Gahl et al. N Engl J Med 338:1258-1264, 1998). Similar characteristics are found with the related Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) (OMIM 214500). Both HPS and CHS are storage pool disorders. The cellular origin of disease is attributed to abnormal storage granules such as melanosomes, platelet-dense granules, and lysosomes. Granule cargo includes pigment proteins, signaling molecules, and enzymes and defects in granule biogenesis, structure, or function affect myriad downstream events. Micrographs of platelets from HPS patients often reveal a striking lack of dense granules, whereas granulocytes of CHS patients contain giant, aberrant storage granules.


HPS is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with the HPS1, AP3B1(HPS2), HPS3, HPS4, HPS5, HPS6, DTNBP1(HPS7), and BLOC1S3(HPS8) genes. HPS is unusually common in Puerto Rico, where some estimate a carrier frequency of 1 in 21 (Wildenberg et al. Am J Hum Genet 57:755-765, 1995). Most affected Puerto Ricans harbor variants in HPS1 (OMIM 604982); ~75% are homozygous for c.1470_1486dup16, a variant unique to this population (Santiago et al. J Invest Dermatol 126:85-90, 2006). The remaining ~25% are homozygous for a 3.9 kb deletion in HPS3 (Anikster et al. Nat Genet 28:376-380, 2001). In non-Puerto Ricans, HPS1 variants account for ~50% of documented HPS cases (Oh et al. Am J Hum Genet 62:593-598, 1998) with the remaining cases being distributed as follows: AP3B1(HPS2) ~6%, HPS3 ~15%, HPS4 ~12%, HPS5 ~5%, HPS6 ~4%, DTNBP1(HPS7) ~1%, and BLOC1S3(HPS8) ~2%. The HPS1 gene encodes a transmembrane protein that is a component of different cytoplasmic organelles (Oh et al. Nat Genet 14:300-306, 1996). HPS1 and HPS4 proteins are believed to form a complex termed the BLOC3 complex that is involved in the biogenesis of lysosomal-related organelles (Martina et al. J Biol Chem 278:29376-29384, 2003). Interestingly, pulmonary fibrosis is primarily linked to HPS1 and HPS4 variants (Brantly et al. Chest 117:129-136, 2000; Anderson et al. Hum Genet 113:10-17, 2003). Causative variants are found throughout the HPS1 gene and include missense, nonsense, splice-site, and small insertions or deletions.

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PG-Select

HPS1 accounts for ~75% of HPS cases in Puerto Ricans and ~50% of cases in non-Puerto Ricans.

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the HPS1 gene, plus ~10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing.

Indications for Test

Patients with symptoms or family history of HPS, CHS, or Griscelli syndrome; patients with any degree of hypopigmentation or bleeding diathesis; and patients with morphologically abnormal granulocytes or platelets. This test may also be considered for the reproductive partners of individuals who carry pathogenic variants in HPS1.


Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
HPS1 604982
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT


Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome 1 AR 203300

Related Tests

Bleeding Disorders Panel
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 2 (HPS2) via the AP3B1 Gene
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 8 (HPS8) via the BLOC1S3 Gene
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 9 (HPS9) via the BLOC1S6/PLDN Gene
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome via the HPS3 Gene, Exon 1 Deletion
Interstitial Lung Disease Panel


  • Anikster Y, Huizing M, White J, Shevchenko YO, Fitzpatrick DL, Touchman JW, Compton JG, Bale SJ, Swank RT, Gahl WA, Toro JR. 2001. Mutation of a new gene causes a unique form of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome in a genetic isolate of central Puerto Rico. Nat. Genet. 28: 376–380. PubMed ID: 11455388
  • Brantly, M., et.al. (2000). "Pulmonary function and high-resolution CT findings in patients with an inherited form of pulmonary fibrosis, Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, due to mutations in HPS-1." Chest 117(1): 129-36. PubMed ID: 10631210
  • Gahl WA, Brantly M, Kaiser-Kupfer MI, Iwata F, Hazelwood S, Shotelersuk V, Duffy LF, Kuehl EM, Troendle J, Bernardini I. 1998. Genetic defects and clinical characteristics of patients with a form of oculocutaneous albinism (Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome). New England Journal of Medicine 338: 1258–1265. PubMed ID: 9562579
  • Hermansky F, Pudlak P. 1959. Albinism associated with hemorrhagic diathesis and unusual pigmented reticular cells in the bone marrow: report of two cases with histochemical studies. Blood 14: 162–169. PubMed ID: 13618373
  • Martina, J. A., et.al. (2003). "BLOC-3, a protein complex containing the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome gene products HPS1 and HPS4." J Biol Chem 278(31): 29376-84. PubMed ID: 12756248
  • Oh, J., et.al. (1996). "Positional cloning of a gene for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, a disorder of cytoplasmic organelles." Nat Genet 14(3): 300-6. PubMed ID: 8896559
  • Oh, J., et.al. (1998). "Mutation analysis of patients with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome: a frameshift hot spot in the HPS gene and apparent locus heterogeneity." Am J Hum Genet 62(3): 593-8. PubMed ID: 9497254
  • Santiago Borrero PJ, Rodriguez-Perez Y, Renta JY, Izquierdo NJ, Fierro L del, Munoz D, Molina NL, Ramirez S, Pagan-Mercado G, Ortiz I, Rivera-Caragol E, Spritz RA, et al. 2006. Genetic Testing for Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1 and 2 and Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 1 and 3 Mutations in Puerto Rico. J Invest Dermatol 126: 85–90. PubMed ID: 16417222
  • Wildenberg et al. 1995. PubMed ID: 7573033


Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page

If ordering a Duo or Trio test, the proband and all comparator samples are required to initiate testing. If we do not receive all required samples for the test ordered within 21 days, we will convert the order to the most effective testing strategy with the samples available. Prior authorization and/or billing in place may be impacted by a change in test code.

Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

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Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
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