Cerebral Cavernous Malformations via the CCM2 Gene, Exons 2-10 Deletion

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Targeted Deletion Testing via PCR
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
124 CCM2 81479 81479 $250 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
124CCM281479 81479(x1) $250 Order Options and Pricing

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 14 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Jamie Fox, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are congenital vascular anomalies of the brain that can cause significant neurological disabilities, including intractable seizures and hemorrhagic stroke. CCMs represent 5-15% of all cerebral vascular malformations and occur in ~0.5% of the general population. CCMs have been reported in infants and children, but the majority of patients present with symptoms between the second and fifth decades. CCMs occur in a sporadic form in which patients usually present with a single lesion and no family history or a familial form characterized by multiple lesions and usually a strong family history. A significant fraction of “sporadic” cases with multiple lesions are members of an undiagnosed affected family. Not all patients with CCMs are clinically symptomatic. Symptomatic lesions may often be removed surgically. For additional information, see Zabramski et al. J Neurosurg 80: 422-432, 1994, Morrison and Akers 2011 GeneReviews (http://www.geneclinics.org/), and Angioma Alliance (http://www.angiomaalliance.org/).

Genetics

Familial cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) show autosomal dominant inheritance. Three causative genes for CCMs have been identified: KRIT1 (also called CCM1), encoding a protein that interacts with the Krev-1/rap1a tumor suppressor; CCM2, which is similar to the KRIT1 binding partner ICAP1α; and PDCD10 (or CCM3), the programmed cell death 10 gene. Almost all causative variants (in all three genes) are either nonsense, frameshift, splicing, or deletion; missense variants are rare or absent (Denier et al. Ann Neurol 60:550-556, 2006; Plummer et al. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 5:391-396, 2005). Liquori et al. (Am J Hum Genet 80:69-75, 2007) reported that deletions in CCM2, especially a 78 kb deletion of exons 2-10, were a frequent cause of CCMs.

Clinical Sensitivity - Targeted Deletion

Test Variants Detected
CCM2 deletion testing CCM2 del exon 2-10

Testing Strategy

This test involves amplification of patient DNA with a specific pair of PCR primers that flank the common CCM2 exon 2-10 deletion. From chromosomes carrying the deletion, an 839 bp PCR product is produced. In normal chromosomes, the PCR primers are ~78 kb apart, and no PCR product is generated.

Indications for Test

Patients with multiple CCMs or a single CCM and a family history of CCMs. Patients with single lesions and no family history are not likely to give a positive test result.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
CCM2 607929
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Cerebral Cavernous Malformations 2 AD 603284

Related Tests

Name
Cerebral Cavernous Malformations Panel
Cerebral Cavernous Malformations via the CCM2 Gene

Citations

  • Akers AL, Johnson E, Steinberg GK, Zabramski JM, Marchuk DA. 2009. Biallelic somatic and germline mutations in cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs): evidence for a two-hit mechanism of CCM pathogenesis. Hum. Mol. Genet. 18: 919–930. PubMed ID: 19088123
  • Denier C, Labauge P, Bergametti F, Marchelli F, Riant F, Arnoult M, Maciazek J, Vicaut E, Brunereau L, Tournier-Lasserve E, Société Française de Neurochirurgie. 2006. Genotype-phenotype correlations in cerebral cavernous malformations patients. Ann. Neurol. 60: 550–556. PubMed ID: 17041941
  • Liquori CL, Berg MJ, Squitieri F, Leedom TP, Ptacek L, Johnson EW, Marchuk DA. 2007. Deletions in CCM2 Are a Common Cause of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations. The American Journal of Human Genetics 80: 69–75. PubMed ID: 17160895
  • Plummer NW, Zawistowski JS, Marchuk DA. 2005. Genetics of cerebral cavernous malformations. Current neurology and neuroscience reports 5: 391–396. PubMed ID: 16131422
  • Zabramski JM, Wascher TM, Spetzler RF, Johnson B, Golfinos J, Drayer BP, Brown B, Rigamonti D, Brown G. 1994. The natural history of familial cavernous malformations: results of an ongoing study. Journal of neurosurgery 80: 422–432. PubMed ID: 8113854

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

loading Loading... ×

ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
×
Copy Text to Clipboard
×