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Cataract Type 14 via the GJA3 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
3911 GJA3 81479 81479,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
3911GJA381479 81479,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing backbone).

Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing backbone).

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 13 days on average for STAT orders.

Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

  • Jamie Fox, PhD

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Cataracts are described as opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye that result in abnormal refraction index and light scattering. Congenital cataracts (CC) are a serious and leading cause of reversible blindness in childhood. They account for about one-tenth of the cases of childhood blindness (Francis and Moore 2004). Estimated prevalence rate is 1.2 - 6.0 per 10,000 live births. Early diagnosis and surgery and optical correction have resulted in an improved outcome for infants with either unilateral or bilateral cataracts (Lambert and Drack 1996).

GJA3-associated cataracts are characterized as zonular pulverulent, posterior polar, nuclear coralliform, embryonal nuclear, and Coppock-like catatracts (Rees et al. 2000; Zhang et al. 2012).

Genetics

Currently, isolated or primary cataracts have been mapped to about 40 genetic loci, and over 25 of those are connected to pathogenic variants in specific genes. However, this number is constantly increasing. Among the candidate genes, the majority of the identified pathogenic variants (about half) are in crystallins (CRYAA, CRYAB, CRYBA1, CRYBB1, CRYBB2, CRYBB3, CRYBA4, CRYGS, CRYGC, CRYGD), followed by (about a quarter) lens-specific connexins (GJA3, GJA8). The remainder are divided among growth and Transcription Factors (HSF4, MAF, PITX3), Membrane Proteins aquaporin-0 ((AQP0, also known as MIP), cytoskeletal structural proteins (beaded filament structural proteins BFSP1 and BFSP2) and others (FYCO1, GCNT2, HSF4, LIM2, SIL1, TDRD7, FOXE3, CHMP4B, EPHA2, SLC33A1, AGK) (Hejtmancik 2008).

Heterozygous pathogenic variants in GJA3 that encodes gap junction protein alpha-3 (also known as connexin-46-CX46) are shown to be causative for autosomal dominant cataracts with incomplete penetrance (Rees et al. 2000; Zhang et al. 2012). GJA3 encoded protein is first expressed when epithelial cells differentiate into lens fibers and is critical to lens transparency (Wang et al. 2017). Mostly missense variants have been documented causative, although rarely small frameshift deletions and one splicing variant have been documented causative (Human Gene Mutation Database).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Predicting clinical sensitivity for the GJA3 gene is challenging due to the genetic heterogeneity. However, all the reported causative variants are detectable by sequencing (Human Gene Mutation Database).

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the GJA3 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).

Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).

Indications for Test

Patients with nuclear coralliform cataract are good candidates.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
GJA3 121015
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Cataract 14 AD 601885

Related Test

Name
Congenital Cataracts and Ayme-Gripp Syndrome via the MAF Gene

Citations

  • Francis P.J., Moore A.T. 2004. Current opinion in ophthalmology. 15: 10-5. PubMed ID: 14743013
  • Hejtmancik J.F. 2008. Seminars in cell & developmental biology. 19: 134-49. PubMed ID: 18035564
  • Human Gene Mutation Database (Bio-base).
  • Lambert S.R., Drack A.V. 1996. Survey of ophthalmology. 40: 427-58. PubMed ID: 8724637
  • Rees M.I. et al. 2000. Human Genetics. 106: 206-9. PubMed ID: 10746562
  • Wang E. et al. 2017. Molecular Vision. 23: 160-170. PubMed ID: 28458505
  • Zhang X. et al. 2012. Molecular Vision. 18: 203-10. PubMed ID: 22312188

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
  • PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel

PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Method (Backbone)


1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

Note: acceptable specimen types are whole blood and DNA from whole blood only.
Total Price: $
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