Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) Panel
Summary and Pricing
Test MethodExome Sequencing with CNV Detection
|Test Code||Test Copy Genes||Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes|
|10349||ARL6||81479,81479||Order Options and Pricing|
|Test Code||Test Copy Genes||Panel CPT Code||Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code||Base Price|
|10349||Genes x (27)||81479||81404(x1), 81405(x1), 81406(x3), 81407(x1), 81408(x1), 81479(x47)||$890||Order Options and Pricing|
- Anthony Krentz, PhD
We are happy to accommodate requests for testing single genes in this panel or a subset of these genes. The price will remain the list price. If desired, free reflex testing to remaining genes on panel is available. Alternatively, a single gene or subset of genes can also be ordered via our Custom Panel tool.
An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.
Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGxome (if original test is on PGxome Sequencing backbone).
Click here for costs to reflex to whole PGnome (if original test is on PGnome Sequencing backbone).
3 weeks on average for standard orders or 2 weeks on average for STAT orders.
Please note: Once the testing process begins, an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range will be displayed in the portal. This is the most accurate prediction of when your report will be complete and may differ from the average TAT published on our website. About 85% of our tests will be reported within or before the ERD range. We will notify you of significant delays or holds which will impact the ERD. Learn more about turnaround times here.
For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.
- Anthony Krentz, PhD
Clinical Features and Genetics
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder marked by primary features of obesity, polydactyly, pigmentary retinopathy, hypogonadism, renal anomalies and cognitive impairment (Elbedour et al. 1994. PubMed ID: 7802002; Sheffield. 2010. PubMed ID: 20697559). Secondary features include diabetes, hypertension and congenital heart defects (Green et al. 1989. PubMed ID: 2779627). Although BBS is a rare condition, diagnosis is complicated by the fact that many of the clinical features (obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and developmental delay) are common. In addition, many of the BBS clinical features overlap with those of other well-described developmental disorders, including McKusick-Kaufman syndrome, Meckel-Gruber Syndrome, Joubert Syndrome , Nephronophthisis, Senior-Loken Syndrome, and Leber Congenital Amaurosis. Thus, molecular testing is often useful for confirmation of a clinical diagnosis and to aid in the treatment and management of BBS.
BBS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder known to be caused by pathogenic variants in at least 25 different genes including ARL6/BBS3, BBIP1/BBS18, BBS1, BBS10, BBS12, BBS2, BBS4, BBS5, BBS7, BBS9, CEP164, CEP290/BBS14, CFAP418/C8orf37, IFT27/BBS19, IFT74/BBS20, IFT172, LRRC45, LZTFL1/BBS17, MKKS/BBS6, MKS1/BBS13, NPHP1, SDCCAG8/BBS16, TMEM67, TRIM32/BBS11, TTC8/BBS8, TTC21B, and WDPCP/BBS15 (Forsythe and Beales 2015. PubMed ID: 20301537; Leitch et al. 2008. PubMed ID: 18327255; Kim et al. 2010. PubMed ID: 20671153; Otto et al. 2010. PubMed ID: 20835237; Lindstrand et al. 2016. PubMed ID: 27486776; Heon et al. 2016. PubMed ID: 27008867; Bujakowska et al. 2015. PubMed ID: 25168386; Lindstrand et al. 2014. PubMed ID: 24746959; Best et al. 2021. PubMed ID: 34716235). TMEM67 is included in this panel as it has been suggested to be a genetic modifier of the BBS phenotype (Leitch et al. 2008. PubMed ID: 18327255). BBS is marked by both intra- and inter-familial phenotypic variability.
It has been suggested that BBS has an oligogenic inheritance pattern. Triallelism hypothesis states that three pathogenic alleles in two genes are necessary for BBS. This hypothesis attempts to explain variable expressivity and the observation that several individuals with BBS have been found to have a third rare, possibly pathogenic variant in a second BBS gene (Katsanis et al. 2001. PubMed ID: 11567139; Katsanis. 2004. PubMed ID: 14976158; Leitch et al. 2008. PubMed ID: 18327255). However, others have not found evidence for triallelic inheritance patterns in their cohorts (Smaoui et al. 2006. PubMed ID: 16877420; Abu-Safieh et al. 2012. PubMed ID: 22353939). In the majority of reported cases two pathogenic variants in one gene are sufficient for BBS. However, the severity may be modulated by an additional hypomorphic or loss of function allele(s) at another locus. It is recommended to use an autosomal recessive inheritance model when counseling patients and their families (Forsythe and Beales 2015. PubMed ID: 20301537). See individual gene test descriptions for more information on molecular biology of gene products.
Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome
Clinical sensitivity for this BBS NGS test is ~80% (Forsythe and Beales. 2015. PubMed ID: 20301537; Lindstrand et al. 2016. PubMed ID: 27486776).
This test is performed using Next-Gen sequencing with additional Sanger sequencing as necessary.
This panel typically provides 99.5% coverage of all coding exons of the genes plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define coverage as ≥20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing. PGnome panels typically provide slightly increased coverage over the PGxome equivalent. PGnome sequencing panels have the added benefit of additional analysis and reporting of deep intronic regions (where applicable).
Dependent on the sequencing backbone selected for this testing, discounted reflex testing to any other similar backbone-based test is available (i.e., PGxome panel to whole PGxome; PGnome panel to whole PGnome).
Indications for Test
This test is for patients with symptoms of BBS.
This test is for patients with symptoms of BBS.
|Official Gene Symbol||OMIM ID|
|Joubert and Meckel-Gruber Syndromes Panel|
|Nephronophthisis and Senior-Loken Syndrome Panel|
- Abu-Safieh et al. 2012. PubMed ID: 22353939
- Best et al. 2021. PubMed ID: 34716235
- Bujakowska et al. 2015. PubMed ID: 25168386
- Elbedour et al. 1994. PubMed ID: 7802002
- Forsythe and Beales. 2015. PubMed ID: 20301537
- Green et al. 1989. PubMed ID: 2779627
- Heon et al. 2016. PubMed ID: 27008867
- Katsanis et al. 2001. PubMed ID: 11567139
- Katsanis. 2004. PubMed ID: 14976158
- Kim et al. 2010. PubMed ID: 20671153
- Leitch et al. 2008. PubMed ID: 18327255
- Lindstrand et al. 2014. PubMed ID: 24746959
- Lindstrand et al. 2016. PubMed ID: 27486776
- Otto et al. 2010. PubMed ID: 20835237
- Sheffield. 2010. PubMed ID: 20697559
- Smaoui et al. 2006. PubMed ID: 16877420
We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.
myPrevent - Online Ordering
- The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
- Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.
- PGnome sequencing panels can be ordered via the myPrevent portal only at this time.
- A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
- Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
- All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.
For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page
Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details
PGxome (Exome) Sequencing Panel
PGnome (Genome) Sequencing Panel
ORDER OPTIONSView Ordering Instructions
1) Select Test Method (Backbone)
1) Select Test Type
2) Select Additional Test Options
STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.
No Additional Test Options are available for this test.