Atrial Fibrillation Syndrome via the KCNA5 Gene

Summary and Pricing

Test Method

Exome Sequencing with CNV Detection
Test Code Test Copy GenesTest CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Codes Base Price
3967 KCNA5 81479 81479,81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing
Test Code Test Copy Genes Test CPT Code Gene CPT Codes Copy CPT Code Base Price
3967KCNA581479 81479 $890 Order Options and Pricing

Pricing Comments

Our favored testing approach is exome based NextGen sequencing with CNV analysis. This will allow cost effective reflexing to PGxome or other exome based tests. However, if full gene Sanger sequencing is desired for STAT turnaround time, insurance, or other reasons, please see link below for Test Code, pricing, and turnaround time information.

An additional 25% charge will be applied to STAT orders. STAT orders are prioritized throughout the testing process.

For Reflex to PGxome pricing click here.

The Sanger Sequencing method for this test is NY State approved.

For Sanger Sequencing click here.

Turnaround Time

18 days on average for standard orders or 14 days on average for STAT orders.

Once a specimen has started the testing process in our lab, the most accurate prediction of TAT will be displayed in the myPrevent portal as an Estimated Report Date (ERD) range. We calculate the ERD for each specimen as testing progresses; therefore the ERD range may differ from our published average TAT. View more about turnaround times here.

Targeted Testing

For ordering sequencing of targeted known variants, go to our Targeted Variants page.

EMAIL CONTACTS

Genetic Counselors

Geneticist

Clinical Features and Genetics

Clinical Features

Atrial fibrillation is a disorder with an abnormal and often rapid heart rhythm. This condition is characterized by uncoordinated electrical activity in the atria, “irregularly irregular” pattern in ECG and supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, which deteriorates atrial mechanical function. If untreated, atrial fibrillation can lead to a reduction in cardiac output, atrial thrombus formation and increased risk for mortality. Patients with atrial fibrillation can present dizziness, chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, or even syncope (Fuster et al. 2011). Complications of atrial fibrillation can occur at any age and some people may never experience any health problems. The likelihood of developing arrhythmias increases with age. Atrial fibrillation can be prevented and treated (Van Wagoner et al. 2015).

Genetics

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia disorder, and currently affects nearly 3 million Americans (Naccarelli et al. 2009). Although the incidence of the familial form of atrial fibrillation is unknown, having a family member with AF is associated with a 40% increased risk for the disorder (Lubitz et al. 2010).

Familial atrial fibrillation is highly heterogeneous disease and transmitted in an autosomal dominant pattern. There are at least 15 genes associated with familial atrial fibrillation: ABCC9, GJA5, KCNA5, KCND3, KCNE1, KCNE1L, KCNE2, KCNH2, KCNJ2, KCNQ1, NPPA, SCN1B, SCN2B, SCN3B and SCN5A. The majority of genes associated with atrial fibrillation are components of two important ion channels: potassium and sodium. Both loss and gain of function variants can affect the current of the ion channels and change the atrial action potential and refraction period (Tucker et al. 2014). 

Pathogenic variants in KCNA5 cause familial atrial fibrillation-7 (ATFB7). KCNA5 gene encodes a member of the potassium channel, voltage-gated, shaker-related subfamily, also known as KV1.5. KCNA5 contains a single exon, encodes 613 amino acids and is located at Chr 12p13.32 (Phromchotikul et al. 1993). Loss-of-function and gain-of-function variants have been identified. Genetics variants in KCNA5 affect the voltage-gated atrial-specific potassium current IKur. Both increased and decreased potassium currents enhance susceptibility to Atrial Fibrillation (Christophersen et al. 2013).

Clinical Sensitivity - Sequencing with CNV PGxome

Clinical sensitivity is not available because only a limited number of patients have been reported. Most reported variants in KCNA5 gene are missense or nonsense variants.

Testing Strategy

This test provides full coverage of all coding exons of the KCNA5 gene plus 10 bases of flanking noncoding DNA in all available transcripts along with other non-coding regions in which pathogenic variants have been identified at PreventionGenetics or reported elsewhere. We define full coverage as >20X NGS reads or Sanger sequencing.

Since this test is performed using exome capture probes, a reflex to any of our exome based tests is available (PGxome, PGxome Custom Panels).

Indications for Test

All patients with symptoms suggestive of familial atrial fibrillation are candidates for this test.

Gene

Official Gene Symbol OMIM ID
KCNA5 176267
Inheritance Abbreviation
Autosomal Dominant AD
Autosomal Recessive AR
X-Linked XL
Mitochondrial MT

Disease

Name Inheritance OMIM ID
Atrial Fibrillation, Familial, 7 AD 612240

Citations

  • Christophersen I.E. et al. 2013. European Heart Journal. 34: 1517-25. PubMed ID: 23264583
  • Fuster V. et al. 2011. Circulation. 123: e269-367. PubMed ID: 21382897
  • Lubitz S.A. et al. 2010. Jama. 304: 2263-9. PubMed ID: 21076174
  • Naccarelli G.V. et al. 2009. The American Journal of Cardiology. 104: 1534-9. PubMed ID: 19932788
  • Phromchotikul T. 1993. Human Molecular Genetics. 2:1512. PubMed ID: 8242092
  • Tucker N.R., Ellinor P.T. 2014. Circulation Research. 114: 1469-82. PubMed ID: 24763465
  • Van Wagoner D.R. et al. 2015. Heart Rhythm  12: e5-e29. PubMed ID: 25460864

Ordering/Specimens

Ordering Options

We offer several options when ordering sequencing tests. For more information on these options, see our Ordering Instructions page. To view available options, click on the Order Options button within the test description.

myPrevent - Online Ordering

  • The test can be added to your online orders in the Summary and Pricing section.
  • Once the test has been added log in to myPrevent to fill out an online requisition form.

Requisition Form

  • A completed requisition form must accompany all specimens.
  • Billing information along with specimen and shipping instructions are within the requisition form.
  • All testing must be ordered by a qualified healthcare provider.

For Requisition Forms, visit our Forms page


Specimen Types

Specimen Requirements and Shipping Details

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ORDER OPTIONS

View Ordering Instructions

1) Select Test Type


2) Select Additional Test Options

STAT and Prenatal Test Options are not available with Patient Plus.

No Additional Test Options are available for this test.

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